The Ordinary of the Holy Mass

 

Indulgenced Prayer to be Said at the Beginning of Mass

Eternal Father, I unite myself with the intentions and affections of our Lady of Sorrows on Calvary, and I offer Thee the Sacrifice which Thy beloved Son Jesus made of Himself on the Cross, and which He now renews on this holy altar: 1. To adore Thee and give Thee the honor which is due to Thee, confessing Thy supreme dominion over all things, and the absolute dependence of everything upon Thee, who art our one and last End. 2. To thank Thee for innumerable benefits received. 3. To appease Thy justice, aroused against us by so many sins, and to make satisfaction for them. 4. To implore grace and mercy for myself, for . . . . . . . , for all afflicted and sorrowing, for poor sinners, for all the world, and for the holy souls in Purgatory.


THE "ASPERGES" AND "VIDI AQUAM"

In High Masses

While the priest sprinkles holy water before solemn Mass on Sundays, the following anthem is sung:

During the year: Asperges Me

   Asperges me, Domine, hyssopo, et mundabor: lavabis me, et super nivem dealbabor.    Thou shalt sprinkle me, O Lord, with hyssop, and I shall be cleansed; Thou shalt wash me, and I shall become whiter than snow.
Ps. Miserere mei, Deus, secundum magnam misericordiam tuam. Ps. Have mercy on me, O God, according to Thy great mercy.
V.: Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto . . . V.: Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost . . .
Antiphona. Asperges me, Domine . . . Antiphon. Thou shalt sprinkle me . . .
V. Ostende nobis, Domine, misericordiam tuam.
R. Et salutare tuum da nobis.
V. Domine, exaudi orationem meam.
R. Et clamor meus ad te veniat.
V. Dominus vobiscum.
R. Et cum spiritu tuo.
V. Show us, O Lord, Thy mercy.
R. And grant us Thy salvation.
V. O Lord, hear my prayer.
R. And let my cry come before Thee.
V. The Lord be with you.
R. And with thy spirit.
   Oremus.--Exaudi nos, Domine sancte, Pater omnipotens, aeterne Deus, et mittere digneris sanctum Angelum tuum de coelis, qui custodiat, foveat, protegat, visitet atque defendat omnes habitantes in hoc habitaculo. Pro Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen.    Let us pray.--Hear us, O holy Lord, almighty Father, everlasting God, and vouchsafe to send Thy holy Angel from heaven, to guard, cherish, protect, visit and defend all that are assembled in this place: through Christ our Lord. Amen.

From Easter to Whitsunday: Vidi Aquam

   Vidi aquam egredientem de templo a latare dextro, alleluia: et omnes ad quos pervenit aqua ista salvi facti sunt et dicent: alleluia, alleluia.    I saw water flowing from the right side of the temple, alleluia; and all they to whom that water came were saved; and they shall say: alleluia, alleluia.
Ps. Confitemini Domino, quoniam bonus: quoniam in saeculum misericordia eius. Ps. Praise the Lord, because He is good; because His mercy endureth forever.
V.: Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto . . . V.: Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost . . .
V. Ostende nobis . . . as above, with alleluia. V. Show us . . . as above, with alleluia.


I. MASS OF THE CATECHUMENS
   [The priest prepares for the great Sacrifice by prayers,
sacred songs and readings from Holy Scripture.]

 

A. PREPARATORY PRAYERS AT THE FOOT OF THE ALTAR
[Prayers of humility, love, desire, contrition, and confidence.]

THE SIGN OF THE CROSS
   [During Mass, the priest makes 52 times the Sign of the Cross, the summary and emblem of the bloody Sacrifice of the Cross, which the Mass represents and renews.]

The priest, bowing down at the foot of the altar, makes the
Sign of the Cross, from his forehead to his breast, and says:

   In nomine Patris, et Filii, et Spiritus Sancti. Amen.    In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Amen.
Then joining his hands before his breast, he begins the Anthem:
Sacerdos. Introibo ad altare Dei. Priest. I will go in unto the altar of God.
Minister. Ad Deum qui laetificat iuventutem meam. Server. To God who giveth joy to my youth.
 

THE PSALM 42 -- IUDICA ME
   [The priest alternates with the server in reciting this psalm to express his desire, joy and confidence in going to the altar of the Sacrifice.]

   [In Masses for the Dead and from Passion Sunday till Holy Saturday exclusively, this psalm is omitted.]

S. Iudica me, Deus, et discerne causam meam de gente non sancta: ab homine iniquo, et doloso erue me. P. Judge me, O God, and distinguish my cause from the nation which is not holy: deliver me from the unjust and deceitful man.
M. Quia tu es Deus fortitudo mea: quare me repulisti, et quare tristis incedo, dum affligit me inimicus? S. For Thou, O God, art my strength: why hast Thou cast me off? and why go I sorrowful whilst the enemy afflicteth me?
S. Emitte lucem tuam, et veritatem tuam: ipsa me deduxerunt, et adduxerunt in montem sanctum tuum et in tabernacula tua. P. Send forth Thy light and Thy truth: they have conducted me and brought me unto Thy holy mount, and into Thy tabernacles.
M. Et introibo ad altare Dei: ad Deum qui laetificat iuventutem meam. S. And I will go into the altar of God: to God who giveth joy to my youth.
S. Confitebor tibi in cithara, Deus, Deus meus: quare tristis es anima mea, et quare conturbas me? P. To Thee, O God, my God, I will give praise upon the harp; why art thou sad, O my soul, and why dost thou disquiet me?
M. Spera in Deo, quoniam adhuc confitebor illi: salutare vultus mei, et Deus meus. S. Hope in God, for I will still give praise to Him: the salvation of my countenance and my God.
S. Gloria Patri, et Filio et Spiritui Sancto. P. Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost.
M. Sicut erat in principio, et nunc, et semper: et in saecula saeculorum. Amen. S. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.

The priest repeats the Anthem:

S. Introibo ad altare Dei. P. I will go in unto the altar of God.
M. Ad Deum qui laetificat iuventutem meam. S. To God who giveth joy to my youth.
The priest, signing himself with the Sign of the Cross, says:
S. Adiutorum nostrum in nomine Domini. P. Our help is in the Name of the Lord.
M. Qui fecit coelum et terram. S. Who made heaven and earth.
 

THE PUBLIC CONFESSION
   [It is an acknowledgement of his guilt before God and that of all others assisting at the divine Sacrifice.]

Then, joining his hands, and humby bowing down, he says the Confiteor:

S. Confiteor Deo omnipotenti, beatae Mariae semper Virgini, beato Michaeli Archangelo, beato Ioanni Baptistae, sanctis Apostolis Petro et Paulo, omnibus Sanctis, et vobis, fratres: quia peccavi nimis cogitatione, verbo, et opere: P. I confess to almighty God, to the blessed Mary ever Virgin, blessed Michael the Archangel, blessed John the Baptist, the holy Apostles Peter and Paul, to all the Saints, and to you, brethren, that I have sinned exceedingly in thought, word, and deed,
Here he strikes his breast thrice.
   mea culpa, mea culpa, mea maxima culpa. Ideo precor beatam Mariam semper Virginem, beatum Michaelum Archangelum, beatum Ioannem Baptistam, sanctos Apostolos Petrum et Paulum, omnes Sanctos, et vos, fratres, orare pro me ad Dominum Deum nostrum.    through my fault, through my fault, through my most grievous fault. Therefore I beseech the blessed Mary, ever Virgin, blessed Michael the Archangel, blessed John the Baptist, the holy Apostles Peter and Paul, all the Saints, and you, brethren, to pray to the Lord our God for me.
M. Misereatur tui omnipotens Deus, et dimissis peccatis tuis, perducat te ad vitam aeternam. S. May almighty God be merciful to thee, and forgiving thy sins, bring thee to everlasting life.

The priest answers: Amen.

The server says the Confiteor.

   Confiteor Deo omnipotenti, beatae Mariae semper Virgini, beato Michaeli Archangelo, beato Ioanni Baptistae, sanctis Apostolis Petro et Paulo, omnibus Sanctis, et tibi Pater: quia peccavi nimis cogitatione, verbo, et opere:    I confess to almighty God, to the blessed Mary ever Virgin, blessed Michael the Archangel, blessed John the Baptist, the holy Apostles Peter and Paul, to all the Saints, and to you, Father, that I have sinned exceedingly in thought, word, and deed,
Here he strikes his breast thrice.
   mea culpa, mea culpa, mea maxima culpa. Ideo precor beatam Mariam semper Virginem, beatum Michaelum Archangelum, beatum Ioannem Baptistam, sanctos Apostolos Petrum et Paulum, omnes Sanctos, et te Pater, orare pro me ad Dominum Deum nostrum.    through my fault, through my fault, through my most grievous fault. Therefore I beseech the blessed Mary, ever Virgin, blessed Michael the Archangel, blessed John the Baptist, the holy Apostles Peter and Paul, all the Saints, and you, Father, to pray to the Lord our God for me.
Then the priest, with his hands joined, says:
S. Misereatur vestri omnipotens Deus, et dimissis peccatis vestris, perducat vos ad vitam aeternam. M. Amen. P. May almighty God be merciful to you, and forgiving your sins, bring you to everlasting life. S. Amen.
Signing himself with the Sign of the Cross, he says:
S. Indulgentiam, absolutionem, et remissionem peccatorum nostrorum, tribuat nobis omnipotens et misericors Dominus. P. May the almighty and merciful Lord grant us pardon, absolution, and remission of our sins.
M. Amen. S. Amen.
Bowing down, he proceeds:
S. Deus, tu conversus vivificabis nos. P. O God, Thou wilt turn again and quicken us.
M. Et plebs tua laetabitur in te. S. And thy people shall rejoice in Thee.
S. Ostende nobis Domine, misericordiam tuam. P. Show us, O Lord, Thy mercy.
M. Et salutare tuum da nobis. S. And grant us Thy salvation.
S. Domine, exaudi orationem meam. P. O Lord, hear my prayer.
M. Et clamor meus ad te veniat. S. And let my cry come before Thee.
S. Dominus vobiscum. P. The Lord be with you.
M. Et cum spiritu tuo. S. And with thy spirit.
S. Oremus. P. Let us pray.
 

THE PRIEST ASCENDS THE ALTAR
   [With a prayer for pardon on his lips the priest ascends the altar, which he kisses. He kisses the altar 9 times during the Mass, begging for the intercession of the Saints whose relics repose in the altar stone.]

First extending, then joining his hands, the priest says audibly Oremus;
then ascending to the altar, he says secretly:

   Aufer a nobis, quaesumus, Domine, iniquitates nostras: ut ad Sancta sanctorum puris mereamur mentibus introire. Per Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen.    Take away from us our iniquities, we beseech Thee, O Lord, that we may be worthy to enter with pure minds into the Holy of Holies, through Christ our Lord. Amen.
His hands joined, and bowing down over the altar, the priest says:
   Oramus te, Domine, per merita Sanctorum tuorum,    We beseech Thee, O Lord, by the merits of Thy Saints,
He kisses the sacred stone.
   quorum reliquiae hic sunt, et omnium Sanctorum: ut indulgere digneris omnia peccata mea. Amen.    whose relics are here, and of all the Saints, that Thou wouldst vouchsafe to forgive me all my sins. Amen.

   [In Solemn Masses the altar is here incensed. Whilst blessing the incense the priest says:]
   Ab illo benedicaris, in cuius honore cremaberis. Amen.    Be blessed by Him in whose honor thou art burnt. Amen.

 

 

B. FROM THE INTROIT TO THE OFFERTORY
Prayer of faith

THE INTROIT
[FIRST VARIABLE PART.]

   [The Introit meaning entrance, is so called because the chant
is begun as the priest enters the sanctuary to begin Mass.]

   The Introit, Collects, Gradual, Gospel, Offertory, Secrets, Communion and Postcommunion are variable and wil be found in their places in the order of properMasses.

The priest, signing himself with the Sign of the Cross,
reads the Introit of the day. (At the
Masses for the
Dead, the priest makes the Sign of the Cross on the Missal.)

 

THE KYRIE ELEISON
   [A series of invocations addressed to each of the Three Divine Persons.]

Then, joining his hands, he says alternately with the ministers:

S. Kyrie eleison. P. Lord, have mercy.
M. Kyrie eleison. S. Lord, have mercy.
S. Kyrie eleison. P. Lord, have mercy.
M. Christe eleison. S. Christ, have mercy.
S. Christe eleison. P. Christ, have mercy.
M. Christe eleison. S. Christ, have mercy.
S. Kyrie eleison. P. Lord, have mercy.
M. Kyrie eleison. S. Lord, have mercy.
S. Kyrie eleison. P. Lord, have mercy.
 

THE GLORIA IN EXCELSIS
   [The priest, filled with confidence in the divine mercy, unites his praises with those of the heavenly spirits who sang "Glory to God in the highest and peace on earth to men of good will," at the birth of the savior.]

Afterwards, standing at the middle of the altar, extending
and then joining his hands,and bowing slightly,
the priest says -- except during Lent and Advent and
in Masses for the Dead -- the
Gloria in excelsis. When he says
the words:
We adore Thee, We give Thee thanks; Jesus Christ;
and
Receive our prayer, he bows, and at the end he signs himself
with the Sign of the Cross from forehead to breast:

   Gloria in excelsis Deo. Et in terra pax hominibus bonae voluntatis.    Glory be to God on high, and on earth peace to men of good will.
   Laudamus te.    We praise Thee.
   Benedicimus te.    We bless Thee.
   Adoramus te.    We adore Thee.
   Glorificamus te.    We glorify Thee.
   Gratias agimus tibi propter magnam gloriam tuam.    We give Thee thanks for Thy great glory.
   Domine Deus, Rex coelestis, Deus Pater omnipotens.    O Lord God, heavenly King, God the Father almighty.
   Domine Fili unigenite Iesu Christe.    O Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son.
   Domine Deus, Agnus Dei, Filius Patris.    O Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father.
   Qui tollis peccata mundi, miserere nobis.    Who takest away the sins of the world, have mercy on us.
   Qui tollis peccata mundi, suscipe deprecationem nostram.    Who takest away the sins of the world, receive our prayer.
   Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris, miserere nobis.    Who sittest at the right hand of the Father, have mercy on us.
   Quoniam tu solus Sanctus.    For Thou only are holy.
   Tu solus Dominus.    Thou only art the Lord.
   Tu solus Altissimus Iesu Christe.    Thou only art most high, O Jesus Christ.
   Cum Sancto Spiritu in gloria Dei Patris. Amen.    Together with the Holy Ghost in the glory of God the Father. Amen.
Then the priest kisses the altar, and turning to the people says:
S. Dominus vobiscum. P. The Lord be with you.
M. Et cum spiritu tuo. S. And with thy spirit.
   [The little ceremony of the Dominus vobiscum, repeated several times during the Mass, shows how intimately the priest andfaithful should be united in offering the Sacrifice.]
 

THE COLLECTS
[SECOND VARIABLE PART]

   [The Collects mean the collected prayers of all the faithful assisting at the Holy Sacrifice. Raising his voice, his hands, and his sentiments to God, the priest excites the faithful to unite their prayers with his.]

S. Oremus. P. Let us pray.

   [Here follow the Collects, variable according to the Mass
that is being celebrated, and which will be found in their place.]

At the end of the first and last Collect the server answers:

M. Amen. S. Amen.
   [The word "Amen," answered to these and other prayers, indicates that all those assisting subscibe to the petitions in the priest's prayers.]
 

THE EPISTLE
[THIRD VARIABLE PART]

   [The Epistle is a short selection taken from the epistles or letters of St. Paul or another Apostle, or from another book of the Old or New Testament, except the Gospels.]

Then is read the Epistle of the Day. At High Mass the subdeacon
sings the Epistle. At the end of the Epistle, the serveranswers:

M. Deo gratias. S. Thanks be to God.
 

THE GRADUAL
[FOURTH VARIABLE PART]

   [This short prayer of praise and thanksgiving consists ordinarily of two our three verses taken from the psalms or another book of the Old Testament. It seems to re-echo the teachings which have just been heard; for, these verses always refer to the Epistle.
   The Gradual is followed by the Alleluia and versicle.
   A Tract replaces the Alleluia and the verse succeeding it in times of penance.
   The Gradual is replaced by the Alleluia during Eastertide.
   On certain feasts a sequence or hymn in rhyme is sung here. (Only 5sequences are used at the present day.)
   Then the Gradual, Tract, or Alleluia with verse or Sequence follow, as the season requires.]
   [The Missal is transferred to the other side of the altar to symbolize that the divine favor was taken away from the unfaithful Jews and given to the Gentiles.]

 

At Low Masses, the priest, bowing down at the middle of the altar,
with his hands joined, says:
   Munda cor meum ac labia mea, omnipotens Deus, qui labia Isaiae prophetae calculo mundasti ignito: ita me tua grata miseratione dignare mundare ut sanctum Evangelium tuum, digne valeam nuntiare. Per Christum Dominum notsrum. Amen.    Clease my heart and my lips, O almighty God, who didst cleanse the lips of the prophet Isaias with a burning coal, and vouchsafe, through Thy gracious mercy, so to purify me, that I may worthily announce Thy holy Gospel. Through Christ our Lord. Amen.

At Low Masses, the priest says the following prayer:

   Iube Domine benedicere.    Give me Thy blessing, O Lord.
   Dominus sit in corde meo, et in labiis meis: ut digne et competenter annuntiem Evangelium suum. Amen.    The Lord be in my heart and on my lips, that I may worthily and in a becoming manner, proclaim His holy Gospel. Amen.

In Solemn Masses the priest blesses the incense, and the deacon,
kneeling before the altar with his hands joined, says the
Munda cor.

Afterwards he takes the book from the altar, and again kneeling down
before the priest, asks his blessing, saying:

   Iube domne benedicere.    Sir, give me thy blessing.
The priest answers:
   Dominus sit in corde tuo, et in labiis tuis: ut digne et competenter annunties Evangelium suum:    The Lord be in thy heart and on thy lips, that thou mayest worthily and in a becoming manner, proclaim His holy Gospel.
   In nomine Patris, et Filii, et Spiritus Sancti. Amen.    In the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.

Then, turning back to towards the book, with his hands joined, the
priest -- at
Solemn Masses the deacon -- says:
S. Dominus vobiscum. P. The Lord be with you.
M. Et cum spiritu tuo. S. And with thy spirit.
 

THE GOSPEL
[FIFTH VARIABLE PART]

   [The Gospel is a selection drawn from one of the gospels of Saints Matthew, Mark, Luke, or John. The Gospel is the most solemn of the readings at the Mass, because it tells a story of our Savior Jesus Christ, whose words and deeds it recalls.
   The faithful rise and remain standing during the Gospel.
   At the beginning they make the Sign of the Cross upon the forehead, lips and heart to declare that they will never be ashamed of the word of God, that they are ready to confess it by word of mouth, and that they love it with all their heart.]

And while saying:

   Sequentia (vel Initium) sancti Evangelii secundum N . . .    The continuation (or beginning) of the holy Gospel according to N . . .
The priest signs the Book, and himself on the
forehead, mouth, and breast; the server says:
M.Gloria tibi, Domine. S. Glory be to Thee, O Lord.

The priest then reads the Gospel of the day.
(See
Proper of the Seasons or of the Saints.)
At High Masses the deacon sings the Gospel.

Then is said by the server:

M. Laus tibi, Christe. S. Praise be to Thee, O Christ.
The priest kisses the Gospel, and says:
S. Per evangelica dicta deleantur nostra delicta. P. By the words of the Gospel may our sins be blotted out.
 

[At Solemn Masses he is then incensed by the deacon.]
   [In
Masses for the Dead, the Munda cor is said, but the blessing
is not asked, and the priest does not kiss the Gospel.]

 

THE CREDO (CREED)
   [On Sundays and certain Feasts the priest recites the Creed, a summary of the Catholic Doctrine. This profession of faith was drawn up in the General Councils of Nice in 325 and Constantinople in 381 to condemn heretics who denied that Jesus Christ and the Holy Ghost were God.]
   [It is usually sung at High Mass.]
   [Recite the Apostles' Creed with fervor and attention.]

   Credo in unum Deum, Patrem omnipotentem, factorem caeli et terrae, visibilium omnium, et invisibilium.    I believe in one God, the Father almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things, visible and invisible.
   Et in unum Dominum Iesum Christum, Filium Dei unigenitum.    And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God.
   Et ex Patre natum ante omnia saecula.    And born of the Father, before all ages.
   Deum de Deo, lumen de lumine, Deum verum de Deo vero.    God of God: Light of Light: true God of true God.
   Genitum, non factum, consubstantialem Patri: per quem omnia facta sunt.    Begotten, not made, consubstantial with the Father, by whom all things were made.
   Qui propter nos homines, et propter nostram salutem descendit de coelis.    Who, for us men, and for our salvation, came down from heaven.
Here kneel down.
   Et incarnatus est de Spiritu Sancto ex Maria Virgine: et homo factus est.    And became incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary: and was made man.
   Crucifixus etiam pro nobis: sub Pontio Pilato passus et sepultus est.    He was crucified also for us, suffered under Pontius Pilate, and was buried.
   Et resurrexit tertia die, secundum Scripturas.    And the third day He rose again according to the Scriptures.
   Et ascendit in coelum: sedet ad dexteram Patris.    And ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of the Father.
   Et iterum venturus est cum gloria iudicare vivos, et mortuos: cuius regni non erit finis.    And He shall come again with glory to judge both the living and the dead, of whose kingdom there shall be no end.
   Et in Spiritum Sanctum Dominum et vivificantem: qui ex Patre Filioque procedit.    And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of Life, proceeding from the Father and the Son.
   Qui cum Patre et Filio simul adoratur, et conglorificatur: qui locutus est per prophetas.    Who together, with the Father and the Son, is adored and glorified: Who spoke by the prophets.
   Et unam sanctam catholicam et apostolicam Ecclesiam.    And in one, holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church.
   Confiteor unum baptisma in remissionem peccatorum.    I confess one baptism for the remission of sins.
   Et expecto resurrectionem mortuorem.    And I look for the resurrection of the dead.
Et vitam venturi saeculi. Amen. And the life of the world to come. Amen.


II. MASS OF THE FAITHFUL
   [This is the most important part of the Mass. Those
who do not assist at it entirely do not hear Mass.]

 

A. FROM THE OFFERTORY TO THE PREFACE
(Offertory)
   [Prayers of self-surrender and oblation.]

THE OFFERTORY VERSE
[SIXTH VARIABLE PART]

The priest kisses the altar, and turning to the people says:

S. Dominus vobiscum. P. The Lord be with you.
M. Et cum spiritu tuo. S. And with thy spirit.
   [After saluting the people once more, the priest enters upon the Sacrifice of the Mass proper and urges the faithful to pray with him.]
S. Oremus. P. Let us pray.

Then the priest reads the Offertory-verse, a short quotation
from Holy Scripture which varies with the Mass of each day.

   [This being finished, he offers the bread andwine, which, by virtue of the words of consecration, he is going to change intothe adorable Body and Blood of Jesus Christ.]

 
THE OFFERING OF THE BREAD AND WINE
 
He takes the paten with the host and offering it up, says:
   Suscipe, sancte Pater, omnipotens aeterne Deus, hanc immaculatam hostiam, quam ego indignus famulus tuus offero tibi Deo meo vivo et vero, pro innumerabilibus peccatis, et offensionibus, et negligentiis meis, et pro omnibus circumstantibus, sed et pro omnibus fidelibus christianis vivis atque defunctis: ut mihi, et illis proficiat ad salutem in vitam aeternam. Amen.    Accept, O holy Father, almighty and eternal God, this unspotted host, which I, Thy unworthy servant, offer unto Thee, my living and true God, for my innumerable sins, offenses, and negligences, and for all here present: as also for all faithful Christians, both living and dead, that it may avail both me and them for salvation unto life everlasting. Amen.

Making the Sign of the Cross with the paten, he places the host
upon the corporal. He pours wine and water into the chalice,
blessing the water before it is mixed.

   [He pours a few drops of water into the chalice containing wine, in remembrance of the water and blood which flowed from the side of Jesus when pierced by the soldier's lance.]

   Deus, qui humanae substantiae dignitatem mirabiliter condidisti, et mirabilius reformasti: da nobis per huius aquae et vini mysterium, eius divinitatis esse consortes, qui humanitatis nostrae fieri dignatus est particeps, Iesus Christus Filius tuus Dominus noster: Qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus Sancti Deus: per omnia saecula saeculorum. Amen.    O God, who, in creating human nature, didst wonderfully dignify it, and still more wonderfully restore it, grant that, by the Mystery of this water and wine, we may be made partakers of His divine nature, who vouchsafed to be made partaker of our human nature, even Jesus Christ our Lord, Thy Son, who with Thee, liveth and reigneth in the unity of the Holy Ghost, God: world without end. Amen.
 

   [In Masses for the Dead, the foregoing prayer is said, but the water is not blessed.]

Then the priest takes the chalice, and offers it, saying:

   Offerimus tibi, Domine, calicem salutaris, tuam deprecantes clementiam: ut in conspectu divinae maiestatis tuae, pro nostra et totius mundi salute cum odore suavitatis ascendat. Amen.    We offer unto Thee, O Lord, the chalice of salvation, beseeching Thy clemency, that it may ascend before Thy divine Majesty, as a sweet savor, for our salvation, and for that of the whole world. Amen.

The priest makes the Sign of the Cross with the chalice, places it
upon the corporal, and covers it with the pall. Then, with his hands
joined upon the Altar, and slightly bowing down, he says:

   In spiritu humilitatis, et in animo contrito suscipiamur a te, Domine: et sic fiat sacrificium nostrum in conspectu tuo hodie, ut placeat tibi, Domine Deus.    Accept us, O Lord, in the spirit of humility and contrition of heart, and grant that the sacrifice which we offer this day in Thy sight may be pleasing to Thee, O Lord God.

Raising his eyes towards heaven, extending and then joining his hands,
the priest makes the Sign of the Cross over the host and the chalice,
while he invokes the Holy Spirit.

   Veni, Sanctificator, omnipotens, aeterne Deus: et benedic hoc sacrificium tuo sancto nomini praeparatum.    Come, O almighty and eternal God, the Sanctifier, and bless this Sacrifice, prepared for the glory of Thy holy Name.
 

THE INCENSING OF THE OFFERINGS AT HIGH MASS
   [What is offered unto the living God: 1) Bread; 2) Wine; 3) We ourselves -- all the faithful. Hence this threefold gift unto God is incensed because all the faithful, through this offertorial act, have become holy unto God.]

At Solemn Masses, the priest now blesses incense,
saying the following prayers:

   Per intercessionem beati Michaelis Archangeli, stantis a dextris altaris incensi, et omnium electorum suorum, incensum istud dignetur Dominus benedicere, et in odorem suavitatis accipere. Per Christum Dominum nostrum.    May the Lord, by the intercession of blessed Michael the Archangel, who standeth at the right side of the altar of incense, and of all His Elect, vouchsafe to bless this incense and receive it as an odor of sweetness: through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
Receiving the thurible from the deacon, the priest incenses
the bread and the wine, while he says:
   Incensum istud a te benedictum ascendat ad te, Domine: et descendat super nos misericordia tua.    May this incense, which Thou hast blessed, O Lord, ascend to Thee, and may Thy mercy descend upon us.
Then he incenses the altar, saying:
   Dirigatur, Domine, oratio mea, sicut incensum in conpectu tuo: elevatio manuum mearum sacrificium vespertinum.    Let my prayer, O Lord, be directed as incense in Thy sight: the lifting up of my hands as an evening sacrifice.
   Pone, Domine, custodiam ori meo, et ostium circumstantiae labiis meis.    Set a watch, O Lord, before my mouth, and a door round about my lips.
   Ut non declinet cor meum in verba malitiae, ad excusandas, excusationes in peccata.    May my heart not incline to evil words, to make excuses for sins.
Giving the censor to the deacon, he says:
   Accendat in nobis Dominus ignem sui amoris, et flammam aeternae caritatis. Amen.    May the Lord enkindle within us the fire of His love, and the flame of everlasting charity. Amen.
The priest is then incensed by the deacon, who then incenses the others in order.

 

THE WASHING OF THE HANDS
   [The priest washes his fingers to symbolize the great purity and inner cleanliness of those who offer or participate in this great Sacrifice.]

Psalm 25. 6-12

   Lavabo inter innocentes manus meas: et circumdabo altare tuum, Domine.    I will wash my hands among the innocent: and I will compass Thine altar, O Lord
   Ut audiam vocem laudis: et enarrem universa mirabilia tua.    That I may hear the voice of praise: and tell of all Thy wonderous works.
   Domine, dilexi decorem domus tuae: et locum habitationis gloriae tuae.    I have loved, O Lord, the beauty of Thy house and the place where Thy glory dwelleth.
   Ne perdas cum impiis, Deus, animam meam: et cum viris sanguinum citam meam.    Take not away my soul, O God, with the wicked: nor my life with blood-thirsty men.
   In quorum manibus iniquitates sunt: dextera eorum repleta est muneribus.    In whose hands are iniquities, their right hand is filled with gifts.
   Ego autem in innocentia mea ingressus sum: redime me, et miserere mei.    But I have walked in my innocence: redeem me, and have mercy on me.
   Pes meus stetit in directo: in ecclesiis benedicam te, Domine.    My foot hath stood in the direct way, in the churches I will bless Thee, O Lord.
   Gloria Patri . . .    Glory to the Father . . .
   [In Masses for the Dead and in Passiontide the Gloria Patri is omitted.]
 

THE PRAYER TO THE MOST HOLY TRINITY

Bowing down before the middle of the alter, the priest,
with joined hands, says:

   Suscipe sancta Trinitas, hanc oblationem, quam tibi offerimus ob memoriam passionis, resurrectionis, et ascensionis Iesu Christi Domini nostri: et in honorem beatae Mariae semper Virginis et beati Ioannes Baptistae, et sanctorum Apostolorum Petri et Pauli, et istorum, et omnium Sactorum: ut illis proficiat ad honorem, nobis autem ad salutem: et illi pro nobis intercedere dignentur in coelis, quorum memoriam agimus in terris. Per eumdem Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen.    Receive, O holy Trinity, this oblation which we make to Thee, in memory of the Passion, Resurrection and Ascension of our Lord Jesus Christ, and in honor of Blessed Mary, ever Virgin, blessed John the Baptist, the holy Apostles Peter and Paul, and of all the Saints, that it may avail unto their honor and our salvation, and may they vouchsafe to intercede for us in heaven, whose memory we celebrate on earth. Through the same Christ our Lord. Amen.
 

THE ORATE FRATRES

The priest kisses the altar and, turning towards the people,
extending, then joining his hands, says audibly:

   Orate fratres, ut meum ac vestrum sacrificium acceptabile fiat apud Deum Patrem omnipotentem.  Brethren, pray that my Sacrifice and yours may be acceptable to God the Father almighty.
The server answers:
M. Suscipiat Dominus sacrificium de manibus tuis ad laudem, et gloriam nominis sui, ad utilitatem quoque nostram, totiusque Ecclesiae suae sanctae. S. May the Lord receive the Sacrifice from thy hands, to the praise and glory of His Name, to our benefit and that of all His holy Church.
The priest answers in a low voice:
S. Amen. P. Amen.
 

THE SECRETS
[SEVENTH VARIABLE PART]

   [The priest recommends the offering just made in one or several short prayers, called Secret Prayers.]

Then, with outstretched hands, he recites the Secret Prayers,
not beginning with
Oremus. The Secret Prayers vary
with the Mass, and are found in the Mass of the Day.

These being finished, the priest says or sings:

S. Per omnia saecula saeculorum. P. World without end.
M. Amen. S. Amen.

 

 

B. FROM THE PREFACE TO THE PATER NOSTER
(Consecration)
   [A prayer of thanksgiving, the Preface, introducing a prayer of impetration, the Canon.]

 

THE PREFACE

   [The priest begins the preface, a call to render thanks to God the Father, through Jesus Christ, in union with all the heavenly spirits. The prayer of thanksgiving and praise varies with inportant Feasts. There are at the present time 15 different prefaces which are given in the Ordinary of the Mass.]

The priest begins the Preface, holding his hands over the altar:

S. Dominus vobiscum. P. The Lord be with you.
M. Et cum spiritu tuo. S. And with thy spirit.
He raises them a little when he says:
S. Sursum corda. P. Lift up your hearts.
M. Habemus ad Dominum. S. We have lifted them up to the Lord.
He joins them before his breast, and bows his head, when he says:
S. Gratias agimus Domino Deo nostro. P. Let us give thanks to the Lord our God.
M. Dignum et iustum est. S. It is meet and just.
The priest then disjoins his hands and keeps them thus until after the end
of the
Preface, which varies with the day, after which he again joins them
and bowing says
Sanctus. When he says Benedictus, he blesses himself.
The different prefaces will be found in their respective Propers.
 

THE SANCTUS
   [The triumphal hymn of the Angels, the "Trisagion" (thrice holy) is addressed to the three divine Persons. It is composed of words taken from Isaias (6. 3), from Psalm 117, and from the acclamations which greeted Jesus on the occasion of His solemn entry into Jerusalem (Matth. 21.)]

   Sanctus, Sanctus, Sanctus Dominus Deus Sabaoth. Pleni sunt coeli et terra gloria tua. Hosanna in excelsis.1    Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God of Sabaoth! Heaven and earth are full of Thy glory! Hosanna in the highest!1
The "Benedictus" is usually sung after the consecration, but is said before by the priest:
Benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini. Hosanna in excelsis.2 Blessed is He that cometh in the Name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!2
 

THE CANON OF THE MASS
   [The word Canon is derived from the Greek, and signifies: Rule, direction, order. The Canon comprises the fixed forms of prayer in the Mass from the Sanctus to the Pater noster: The Ruleof Consecration.]

THE PRAYERS BEFORE THE CONSECRATION
   [Before the Consecration the priest recommends to God: a) the Church, the ecclesiastical authorities; b) the living persons for whom he prays especially, and the faithful who are present; c)then he invokes the Saints and implores their protection.]

a.) For the Church and the Ecclesiastical Authorities

   The priest, extending, raising and then
joining his hands, raising his eyes towards heaven
and deeply bowing, says in a low voice:

   Te igitur, clementissme Pater, per Iesum Christum Filium tuum Dominum nostrum, supplices rogamus ac petimus, . . .    We therefore, humbly pray and beseech Thee, most merciful Father, through Jesus Christ; Thy Son, our Lord,
He kisses the altar
   uti accepta habeas, et benedicas,    that Thou wouldst vouchsafe to accept and bless
He joins his hands and signs the oblation thrice with the Sign of the Cross.
   haec dona, haec munera, haec sancta sacrificia illibata.    these gifts, these presents, these holy unspotted Sacrifices,
Then extending his hands, he proceeds:
   in primis, quae tibi offerimus pro Ecclesia tua sancta catholica: quam pacificare, custodire, adunare, et regere digneris toto orbe terrarum: una cum famulo tuo Papa nostro N. et Antistite nostro N., et omnibus orthodoxis, atque catholicae, et apostolicae fidei cultoribus.    which in the first place we offer Thee for Thy holy Catholic Church to which vouchsafe to grant peace, as also to preserve, unite, and govern it throughout the world, together with Thy servant N., our Pope, and N., our Bishop, and all orthodox believers and professors of the Catholic and Apostolic Faith.
 

b) Commemoration of the Living
   [In union with thepriest, mention here the names of the persons and the intentions for which youoffer the Divine Victim.]

   Momento, Domine, famulorum, famularumque tuarum N. et N.    Be mindful, O Lord, of Thy servants and handmaidens, N. et N.
The priest joins his hands and prays silently for those for whom he intends to pray.
Then extending his hands, he proceeds:
   et omnium circumstantium, quorum tibi fides cognita est, et nota devotio, pro quibus tibi offerimus: vel qui tibi offerunt hoc sacrificium laudis, pro se, suisque omnibus: pro redemptione animarum suarum, pro spe saluts, et incolumitatis suae: tibiqeu reddunt vota sua aeterno Deo, vivo et vero.    and of all here present, whose faith and devotion are known unto Thee, for whom we offer, or who offer up to Thee, this sacrifice of praise for themselves, their families and friends, for the redemption of their souls, for the health and salvation they hope for; and who now pay their vows to Thee, the everlasting, living and true God.
 
c) Invocation of the Saints
   [The feasts and octaves of Christmas, Epiphany, Easter, the Ascension, and Whitsunday have their own proper Communicantes, which may be found in their respective propers.]
 
   Communicantes, et memoriam venerantes in primis gloriosae semper Virginis Mariae, Genitricis Dei et Domini nostri Iesu Christi: sed et beati Ioseph, eiusdem Virginis Sponsi; et beatorum Apostolorum ac Martyrum tuorum, Petri et Pauli, Andreae, Iacobi, Ioannis, Thomae, Iacobi, Philippi, Bartholomaei, Marrhaei, Simonis, et Thaddei: Lini, Clet, Clementis, Xysti, Cornelii, Cypriani, Laurentii, Chrysogoni, Ioannis et Pauli, Cosmae et Damianis: et omnium Sanctorum tuorum; quorum meritis, precibusque concedas, ut in omnibus protentionis tuae muniamur auxilio.    Communicating with, and honoring in the first place the memory of the glorious ever Virgin Mary, Mother of Our Lord and God Jesus Christ: as also of the blessed Joseph, her Spouse, and of the blessed Apostles and Martyrs Peter and Paul, Andrew, James, John, Thomas, James, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Simon, and Thaddeus; Linus, Cletus, Clement, Xystus, Cornelius, Cyprian, Lawrence, Chrysogonus, John and Paul, Cosmas and Damian, and of all Thy Saints, through whose merits and prayers, grant that we may in all things be defended by the help of Thy protection.
He joins his hands.
   Per eumdem Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen.    Through the same Christ our Lord. Amen.
 

THE PRAYER AT THE CONSECRATION
a) Oblation of the Victim to God
   [In the name of the Church the priest prays that almighty God graciously accept the oblation.]

Spreading his hands over the oblation, he says:

   Hanc igitur oblationem servitutis nostrae, sed et cunctae familiae tuae, quaesumus Domine, ut placatus accipias: diesque nostros in tua pace disponas, atque ab aeterna damnatione nos eripi, et in electorum tuorum iubeas grege numerari:    We therefore beseech Thee, O Lord, graciously to accept this oblation of our service, as also of Thy whole family; and to dispose our days in Thy peace, preserve us from eternal damnation, and rank us in the number of Thine Elect.
He joins his hands.
   Per eumdem Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen.    Through the same Christ our Lord. Amen.
(The Hanc igitur for Easter and Whitsunday is different, and is found in their respective Propers.)
   Quam oblationem tu Deus, in omnibus quaesumus,    Which oblation do Thou, O God, vouchsafe in all respects,
He signs thrice the oblation with the Sign of the Cross.
   benedictam, adscriptam , ratam, rationabilem, acceptabilemque facere digneris:    to bless, approve, ratify, make worthy and acceptable;
He signs again the Host and chalice with the Sign of the Cross.
   ut nobis Corpus, et Sanguis fiat dilectissimi Filii tui Domini nostri Iesu Christi.    that it may be made for us the Body and Blood of Thy most beloved Son Jesus Christ our Lord.
 

b) Words of the Consecration and Elevation
Consecration of the Host

   Qui pridie quam pateretur,    Who, the day before He suffered,
He takes the host.
   accepit panem in sanctas, ac venerabilis manus suas,    took bread into His holy and venerable hands,
He raises his eyes to heaven.
   et elevatis oculis in coelum ad te Deum Patrem suum omnipotentem, tibi gratias agens,    and with His eyes lifted up towards heaven unto Thee, God, His almighty Father, giving thanks to Thee,
He signs the host with the Sign of the Cross
   benedixit, fregit, deditque discipulis suis, dicens: Accepite, et manducate ex hoc omnes.    He blessed it, broke it and gave it to His disciples saying: Take and eat ye all of this,
[The words of the Consecration of the Host:]
   HOC EST ENIM CORPUS MEUM.    FOR THIS IS MY BODY.
 

After pronouncing the words of the Consecration,
the priest, kneeling, adores the Sacred Host; rising, he elevates It.
-- Look up at the Sacred Host, with faith, piety, and love, saying:
"My Lord and my God."3 -- and then placing It on the
corporal, again adores It. After this he never disjoins his fingers
and thumbs, except when he is to take the Host, until after the washing
of his fingers.

Consecration of the Wine
Then, uncovering the chalice, the priest says:

   Simili modo, postquam coenatum est,    In like manner, after He had supped,
He takes the chalice with both his hands.
   accipiens et hunc praeclarum Calicem in sanctas ac venerabilis manus suas: item tibi gratias agens,    taking also this excellent chalice into His holy and venerable hands
He takes the chalice in his left hand, and with
his right he signs it with the Sign of the Cross.
   benedixit, deditque discipulis suis, dicens: Accipite, et bibite ex eo omnes,    He blessed , and gave it to His disciples, saying: Take and drink ye all of this,
[The words of Consecration of the Chalice]
   HIC EST ENIM CALIX SANGUINIS MEI, NOVI ET AETERNI TESTAMENTI: MYSTERIUM FIDEI: QUI PRO VOBIS ET PRO MULTIS EFFUNDETUR IN REMISSIONEM PECCATOREM.    FOR THIS IS THE CHALICE OF MY BLOOD OF THE NEW AND ETERNAL TESTAMENT, THE MYSTERY OF FAITH; WHICH SHALL BE SHED FOR YOU AND FOR MANY UNTO THE REMISSION OF SINS.
 
After the elevation of the Chalice, the priest says in a low voice:
   Haec quotiescumque feceritis, in mei memoriam facietis.    As often as ye do these things, ye shall do them in remembrance of Me.
   The priest kneels and adores the Precious Blood;
rising, he elevates the Chalice, and setting it down
he covers it and adores it again.
 

c) Oblation of the Victim to God
    [In the name of the Church the priest asks God the Father to accept the Body and Blood of His Son as He did that of Abel, of Abraham, and of Melchisedech, which were figures of the Sacrifice offered first on Calvary and then renewed in each Holy Mass.]

With his hands held apart, he then proceeds

   Unde et memores, Domine, nos servi tui, sed et plebs tua sancta, eiusdem Chrisi Filii tui Domini nostri tam beatae passionis, necnon et ab inferis resurrectionis, sed et in coelos gloriosae ascensionis: offerimus praeclarae maiestati tuae de tuis donis, ac datis.    Wherefore, O Lord, we Thy servants, as also Thy holy people, calling to mind the blessed Passion of the same Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, and also His Resurrection from the dead and His glorious Ascension into heaven: do offer unto Thy most excellent Majesty of Thine own gifts, bestowed upon us,
He joins his hands and signs thrice the Host and
Chalice with the Sign of the Cross.
   hostiam puram, hostiam sanctam, hostiam immaculatam.    a pure Host, a holy Host, an unspotted Host,
He signs the Host and the Chalice, with the Sign of the Cross.
   Panem sanctum vitae aeternae, et Calicem salutis perpetuae.    the holy Bread of eternal life, and the Chalice of everlasting salvation.
Extending his hands, he proceeds
   Supra quae propitio ac sereno vultu respicere digneris: et accepta habere, sicuti accepta habere dignatus es munera pueri tui iusti Abel, et sacrificium patriarchae nostri Abrahae: et quod tibi obtulit summus sacerdos tuus Melchisedech, sanctum sacrificium, immaculatam hostiam.    Upon which vouchsafe to look with a propitious and serene countenance, and to accept them, as Thou wert graciously pleased to accept the gifts of Thy just servant Abel, and the sacrifice of our patriarch Abraham, and that which Thy high priest Melchisedech offered to Thee, -- a holy Sacrifice, and unspotted Victim.
Bowing down, with his hands joined and
placed upon the altar, he says:
   Supplices te rogamus, omnipotens Deus, iube haec perferri per manus sancti Angeli tui in sublime altare tumm, in conspectu divinae maiestatis tuae: ut quotquot,    We most humbly beseech Thee, almighty God, command these offerings to be borne by the hands of Thy holy Angels to Thine altar on high, in the sight of Thy divine majesty, that as many
He kisses the altar.
   ex hac altaris, participatione sacrosanctum Filii tui    as shall partake of the most holy
He joins his hand, and signs the Host and the
Chalice with the Sign of the Cross.
   Corpus, et Sanguinem sumpserimus,    Body and Blood of Thy Son
He signs himself with the Sign of the Cross.
   omni benedictione coelesti et gratia repleamur. Per eumdem Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen.    at this altar, may be filled with every heavenly grace and blessing. Through the same Christ our Lord. Amen.
 

THE PRAYERS AFTER THE CONSECRATION
   [Here the priest a) offers the Body and Blood of Christ for the comfort of the souls in Purgatory, b) invokes the saints that through their intercession we may share in the heavenly inheritance destined for us, c) and finishes the Canon.]

a.) Commemoration of the Dead
   [The faithful departed receive a special memento here. Mention your departed parents, grandparents, relatives, friends, benefactors, teachers . . .]

   Memento etiam, Domine, famulorum famularumque tuarem N. et N., qui nos praecesserunt cum signo fidei, et dormiunt in somno pacis,    Remember also, O Lord, Thy servants and handmaids N. and N., who are gone before us with the sign of faith, and rest in the sleep of peace.
He joins his hands and prays for such of the
dead as he intends to pray for, then extending
his hands he proceeds:
   Ipsis, Domine, et omnibus in Christo quiescentibus, locum refrigerii lucis et pacis, ut indulgeas, deprecamur:    To these, O Lord, and to all that rest in Christ, grant, we beseech Thee, a place of refreshment, light, and peace;
He joins his hands, and bows his head:
   Per eumdem Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen.    Through the same Christ our Lord. Amen.
 

b) Invocation of the Saints
   [Nobis quoque peccatoribus are the only words in the Canon which the priest pronounces in a somewhat elevated tone of voice, to symbolize an act of public self-humiliation; at the same time he strikes his breast in a token of contrition.]

   Nobis quoque peccatoribus famulis tuis, de multitudine miserationum tuarum sperantibus partem aliquam, et societatem donare digneris, cum tuis sanctis Apostolis et Martyribus: cum Ioanne, Stephano, Matthia, Barnaba, Ignatio, Alexandro, Marcellino, Petro, Felicitate, Perpetua, Agatha, Lucia, Agnete, Caecilia, Anastasia, et omnibus Sanctis suis: intra quorum nos consortium, non aestimator meriti, sed veniae, quaesumus, largitor admitte.    To us also, Thy sinful servants, confiding in the multitude of Thy mercies, vouchsafe to grant some part and fellowship with Thy holy Apostles and Martyrs, with John, Stephen, Matthias, Barnabas, Ignatius, Alexander, Marcellinus, Peter, Felicitas, Perpetua, Agatha, Lucy, Agnes, Cecilia, Anastasia, and with all Thy Saints, into whose company we beseech Thee to admit us, not weighing our merits, but pardoning our offenses.
 

c) Final Doxology of the Canon and Minor Elevation
   [It is now, with the closing prayer of the Canon, that the Body and Blood of our Lord are offered up to God.]

He joins his hands.

   Per Christum Dominum nostrum.    Through Christ our Lord.
   Per quem haec omnia, Domine, semper bona creas,    By Whom, O Lord, Thou dost ever create.
He signs thrice the Host and the Chalice, saying:
   sanctificas, vivificas, benedicis, et praestas nobis.    sanctify, quicken, bless, and give unto us all these good things.
He uncovers the Chalice, and genuflects: then taking
the Host in his right hand, and holding the Chalice in his left,
he signs with the Sign of the Cross three times
across the Chalice, saying:
   Per ipsum, et cum ipso, et in ipso,    By Him, and with Him, and in Him
He signs twice between the Chalice and his breast.
   est tibi Deo Patri omnipotenti, in unitate Spiritus Sancti,    is to Thee, God the Father almighty, in the unity of the Holy Ghost,
He elevates a little the Chalice with the Host.
   omnis honor et gloria.    all honor and glory.
Replacing the Host, and covering the Chalice, he kneels down,
and rising again, he says (or sings):
S. Per omnia saecula saeculorum. P. World without end.
M. Amen. S. Amen.

   [The priest brings to an end all the preceding prayers of the Canon by saying aloud, "Per omnia . . .", while the faithful assent to all that has been said by answering "Amen."]

 

 

C. FROM THE PATER NOSTER TO THE ABLUTIONS
(Communion)
[Prayers of love and desire.]

 

THE PATER NOSTER
   [Thereupon the priest sings or says aloud the Lord's prayer, taught us by the Savior Himself.]

The priest joins his hands:

S. Oremus. P. Let us pray.
   Praeceptis salutaribus moniti, et divina institutione formati, audemus dicere:    Instructed by Thy saving precepts, and following Thy divine institution, we are bold to say:
He extends his hands:
   Pater noster, qui es in coelis: sanctificetur nomen tuum: adveniat regnum tuum: fiat voluntas tua, sicut in caelo, et in terra. Panem nostrum quoditianum da nobis hodie: et dimitte nobis debita nostra, sicut et nos dimittimus debitoribus nostris. Et ne nos inducas in tentationem.    Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy Name; Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation.
   [The server, or the choir, in the name of the people, says the last petition.]
M. Sed libera nos a malo. S. But deliver us from evil.
The priest says in a low voice:
S. Amen. P. Amen.
 

THE LIBERA NOS AND THE DIVISION OF THE HOST
   [This prayer mentions in detail the evils from which we beg to be delivered. At the end of this prayer the Sacred Host is divided to symbolize the immolation of the Victim, the separation of the Body and Soul of Jesus when He died upon Calvary.]

Then the priest takes the paten between the first
and second finger and says:
   Libera nos, quaesumus, Domine, ab omnibus malis, praeteritis praesentibus, et futuris: et intercedente beata, et gloriosa semper Virgine Dei Genitrice Maria cum beatis Apostolis tuis Petro et Paulo, atque Andrea, et omnibus Sanctis,    Deliver us, we beseech Thee, O Lord, from all evils, past, present, and to come; and by the intercession of the Blessed and glorious ever Virgin Mary, Mother of God, and of the holy Apostles, Peter and Paul, and of Andrew, and of all the Saints,
He signs himself with the paten, and then kisses it.
   da propitius pacem in diebus nostris: ut ope misericordiae tuae adiuti, et a peccato simus semper liberi, et ab onmi perturbatione securi.    mercifully grant peace in our days, that through the assistance of Thy mercy we may be always free from sin, and secure from all disturbance.
He places the paten under the Host, uncovers the Chalice,
and makes a genuflection; rising, he takes the Host
and breaks It in the middle over the Chalice, saying:
   Per eumdem Dominum nostrum Iesum Christum Filium tuum    Through the same Jesus Christ, Thy Son, our Lord.
He puts the Part which is in his right hand upon
the paten, and breaks a Paricle from the other
Part in his left hand, saying:
   Qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus Sancti Deus.    Who with Thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost liveth and reigneth God,
He places the Half which is in his left hand
on the paten, and holding the Particle which he broke
off in his right hand, and the Chalice in his left, he says:
S. Per omnia saecula saeculorum. P. World without end.
M. Amen. S. Amen.
 

THE MIXTURE OF THE BODY AND BLOOD
[This was the mixture which was formerly received.]

The priest makes the Sign of the Cross with the Particle over the Chalice, saying:

S. Pax Domini sit semper vobiscum. P. The peace of the Lord be always with you.
M. Et cum spiritu tuo. S. And with thy spirit.
He puts the Particle into the Chalice, saying:
   Haec commixtio, et consecratio Corporis et Sanguinis Domini nostri Iesu Christi, fiat accipientibus nobis in vitam aeternam. Amen.    May this mixture and consecration of the Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ be to us who receive it effectual unto eternal life. Amen.
 

THE AGNUS DEI
   [The priest repeats the words of St. John the Baptist, who proclaimed to the Jews the Messias.]

He covers the Chalice, genuflects and rises; than bowing down
and striking his breast thrice, he says:

   Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata mundi, miserere nobis.    Lamb of God, who takest away the sins of the world, have mercy on us.
   Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata mundi: miserere nobis.    Lamb of God, who takest away the sins of the world, have mercy on us.
   Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata mundi: dona nobis pacem.    Lamb of God, who takest away the sins of the world, grant us peace.
 

In Masses for the Dead, he says twice, instead of Miserere nobis: have mercy on us.
   Dona eis requiem.    Grant them rest.
And lastly:
   Dona eis requiem sempiternam.    Grant them eternal rest.

 

THE PRAYERS FOR HOLY COMMUNION
   [The priest says three prayers of immediate preparation for holy Communion.]

With his hands joined and resting on the altar, standing inclined, he says the three following prayers:
[In Masses for the Dead, the first of the following prayers is omitted.]

a) Prayer for Peace

   Domine Iesu Christe, qui dixisti Apostolis tuis: Pacem relinquo vobis, pacem meam do vois: ne respicias peccata mea, sed fidem Ecclesiae tuae: eamque secundum voluntatem tuam pacificare et coadunare digneris: Qui vivis et regnas Deus per omnia saecula saeculorum. Amen.    O Lord Jesus Christ, who saidst to Thine Apostles: Peace I leave you, My peace I give you: regard not my sins, but the faith of Thy Church; and vouchsafe to grant her that peace and unity which is agreeable to Thy will: Who livest and reignest God, world without end. Amen.
 

In Solemn Masses the kiss of peace is now given;
the Celebrant kisses the altar, then saluting the deacon, says:

S. Pax tecum. P. Peace be with thee.
M. Et cum spiritu tuo. S. And with thy spirit.

   [The position of this sign of fraternal charity is characteristic. Before receiving the Body and Blood of our Lord the Christians should show that they are at peace with their brethren.]

[In Masses of the Dead, the kiss of peace is not given.]

b) Prayer for Sanctification4

   Domine Iesu Christe, Fili Dei vivi, qui ex voluntate Patris, cooperante Spiritu Sancto, per mortem tuam mundum vivificasti: libera me per hoc sacrosanctum Corpus et Sanguinem tuum ab omnibus iniquitatibus meis, et universis malis: et fac me tuis semper inhaerere mandatis, et a te numquam separari permittas: Qui cum eodem Deo Patre, et Spiritu Sancto vivis et regnas Deus in saecula saeculorum. Amen.    O Lord Jesus Christ, Son of the living God, who, according to the will of Thy Father, with the cooperation of the Holy Ghost, hast by Thy death given life to the world; deliver me by this Thy most sacred Body and Blood, from all my iniquities and from all evils; and make me always cleave to Thy commandments, and suffer me never to be separated from Thee, Who livest and reignest, with the same God the Father and the Holy Ghost, God, world without end. Amen.
 

c) Prayer for Grace

   Perceptio, Corporis tui, Domine Iesu Christe, quod ego indignus sumere praesumo, non mihi proveniat in iudicium et condemnationem: sed pro tua pietate, prosit mihi ad tutamentum mentis et corporis, et ad medelam percipiendam. Qui vivis et regnas cum Deo Patre in unitate Spiritus Sancti Deus, per omnia saecula saeculorum. Amen.    Let not the partaking of Thy Body, O Lord, Jesus Christ, which I, though unworthy, presume to receive, turn to my judgment and condemnation; but let it, through Thy mercy, become a safeguard and remedy, both for soul and body; Who with God the Father, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, livest and reignest God, world without end. Amen.
 

THE PRAYERS AT THE COMMUNION
a) Communion of the Priest
Communion of the Body

The priest genuflects, rises and says:

   Panem coelestem accipiam, et nomen Domini invocabo.    I will take the Bread of heaven, and will call upon the Name of the Lord.

   [He then repeats the words of the Centurion whose humble prayer obtained the healing of his servant.]

Slightly inclining, he takes both halves of the Host between
the thumb and forefinger of his left hand, and the
paten between the same forefinger and the middle one;
then striking his breast with his right hand, and raising
his voice a little, he says three times devoutly and humbly:

   Domine, non sum dignus, ut intres sub tectum meum: sed tantum dic verbo, et sanabitur anima mea.5    Lord, I am not worthy that Thou shouldst enter under my roof; say but the word, and my soul shall be healed.5

Then with his right hand, making the Sign of the
Cross with the Host over the paten, he says:

   Corpus Domini nostri Iesu Christi custodiat animam meam in vitam aeternam. Amen.    The Body of our Lord Jesus Christ preserve my soul unto life everlasting. Amen.

He then reverently receives both halves of the Host,
joins his hands, and meditates a short time.

Communion of the Blood

Then he uncovers the Chalice, genuflects, collects whatever
fragments may remain on the corporal, and purifies the paten
over the Chalice, saying:

   Quid retribuam Domino pro omnibus quae retribuit mihi? Calicem salutaris accipiam, et nomen Domini invocabo. Laudans invocabo Dominum, et ab inimicis meis salvus ero.    What return shall I make to the Lord for all He has given to me? I will take the chalice of salvation, and call upon the Name of the Lord. Praising I will call upon the Lord, and I shall be saved from my enemies.

The priest takes the Chalice and making the Sign
of the Cross with it, says:

   Sanguis Domini nostri Iesu Christi custodiat animam meam in vitam aeternam. Amen.    The Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ preserve my soul unto life everlasting. Amen.

Then he receives all the Precious Blood, together
with the Particle.

 

b) Communion of the Faithful

If Holy Communion is to be distributed, the server says
the
Confiteor. [This was omitted in the 1962 Missal.]

   Confiteor Deo omnipotenti, beatae Mariae semper Virgini, beato Michaeli Archangelo, beato Ioanni Baptistae, sanctis Apostolis Petro et Paulo, omnibus Sanctis, et tibi Pater: quia peccavi nimis cogitatione, verbo, et opere:    I confess to almighty God, to the blessed Mary ever Virgin, blessed Michael the Archangel, blessed John the Baptist, the holy Apostles Peter and Paul, to all the Saints, and to you, Father, that I have sinned exceedingly in thought, word, and deed,
Here he strikes his breast thrice.
   mea culpa, mea culpa, mea maxima culpa. Ideo precor beatam Mariam semper Virginem, beatum Michaelum Archangelum, beatum Ioannem Baptistam, sanctos Apostolos Petrum et Paulum, omnes Sanctos, et te Pater, orare pro me ad Dominum Deum nostrum.    through my fault, through my fault, through my most grievous fault. Therefore I beseech the blessed Mary, ever Virgin, blessed Michael the Archangel, blessed John the Baptist, the holy Apostles Peter and Paul, all the Saints, and you, Father, to pray to the Lord our God for me.
After which the priest communicates those who are to
communicate, if there be any, saying:
   Misereatur vestri omnipotens Deus, et dimissis peccatis vestris, perducat vos ad vitam aeternam.    May almighty God have mercy upon you, forgive you your sins, and bring you unto life everlasting.
M. Amen. S. Amen.
Making the Sign of the Cross, he continues:
   Indulgentiam, absolutionem, et remissionem peccatorum vestrorum tribuat vobis omnipotens, et misericors Dominus.    May the almighty and merciful Lord grant you pardon, absolution, and remission of your sins.
M. Amen. S. Amen.
Elevating a particle of the Blessed Sacrament and turning
towards the people, he says:
   Ecce Agnus Dei, ecce qui tollit peccata mundi.    Behold the Lamb of God, behold Him who taketh away the sins of the world.
And then he says three times:
   Domine, non sum dignus, ut intres sub tectum meum: sed tantum dic verbo, et sanabitur anima mea.    Lord, I am not worthy that Thou shouldst enter under my roof; say but the word, and my soul shall be healed.
He administers the communion, saying to each:
   Corpus Domini nostri Iesu Christi custodiat animam tuam in vitam aeternam. Amen.    The Body of our Lord Jesus Christ preserve thy soul unto life everlasting. Amen.
   [If you do not communicate at the Mass, make an act of Spiritual Communion.]

 

 

D. FROM THE ABLUTIONS TO THE END
(Thanksgiving)

 

THE PRAYERS DURING THE ABLUTION
   [After the Communion ceremony the priest makes two ablutions (washings) of the Chalice.]

The priest says silently:

   Quod ore sumpserimus, Domine, pura mente capiamus: et de munere temporali fiat nobis remedium sempiternum.    Grant, O Lord, that what we have taken with our mouth, we may receive with a pure mind; and from a temporal gift may it become to us an eternal remedy.
Then he holds out the Chalice to the server -- in Solemn Masses to the deacon -- who pours wine into it for the first ablution, then the priest proceeds:
   Corpus tuum, Domine, quod sumpsi, et Sanguis, quem potavi, adhaereat visceribus meis: et praesta; ut in me non remaneat scelerum macula, quem pura et sancta refecerunt sacramenta: Qui vivis et regnas in saecula saeculorum. Amen.    May Thy Body, O Lord, which I have received, and Thy Blood which I have drunk, cleave to my bowels; and grant that no stain of sin may remain in me, who have been fed with this pure and holy Sacrament; Who livest and reignest for ever and ever. Amen.
The priest then washes his fingers and receives the second
ablution. Then he covers the chalice and folding the corporal,
places it on the chalice, as at the beginning of Mass,
and goes to the right side of the altar
to say the prayers from the Missal.
 

THE COMMUNION-VERSE
[EIGHTH VARIABLE PART]

   [The Communion-verse, which varies with the Feast, is a short selection from Holy Scripture.]

The priest kisses the altar.
Then he turns to the people, and says or sings:

S. Dominus vobiscum. P. The Lord be with you.
M. Et cum spiritu tuo. S. And with thy spirit.
S. Oremus. P. Let us pray.


III. CONCLUSION OF THE MASS
[The dismissal and blessing of people, and the last Gospel.]

 

THE DISMISSAL
[The priest announces that the Eucharistic action is ended.]

He turns to the people and says:

S. Dominus vobiscum. P. The Lord be with you.
M. Et cum spiritu tuo. S. And with thy spirit.
S. Ite, Missa est. P. Go, the Mass is ended.
M. Deo gratias. S. Thanks be to God.

   [At Solemn Mass the dismissal of the people with the chant of Ite, Missa est pertains to the office of the Deacon.]

 

If the Gloria in excelsis has not been said,
there is said instead of the
Ite, Missa est:
S. Benedicamus Domino. P. Let us bless the Lord.
M. Deo gratias. S. Thanks be to God.

In Masses for the Dead is said:
S. Requiescant in pace. P. May they rest in peace.
M. Amen. S. Amen.

In Easter Week is said:
S. Ite, Missa est, alleluia, alleluia. P. Go, the Mass is ended, alleluia, alleluia.
M. Deo gratias, alleluia, alleluia. S. Thanks be to God, alleluia, alleluia.

 

THE BLESSING
   The priest, making a profound reverence, again asks the Blessed Trinity graciously to accept this Holy Sacrifice.]

Bowing down before the altar, with hands joined upon it, he says:

   Placeat tibi, sancta Trinitas, obsequium servitutis meae: et praesta: ut sacrificium, quod oculis tuae maiestatis indignus obtulit, tibi sit acceptabile, mihique et omnibus, pro quibus illud obtuli, sit, te miserante, propitiabile. Per Christum Dominum nostrum. Amen.    May the performance of my homage be pleasing to Thee, O holy Trinity: and grant that the Sacrifice which I, though unworthy, have offered up in the sight of Thy Majesty, may be acceptable to Thee, and through Thy mercy, be a propitiation for me, and for all those for whom I have offered it. Through Christ our Lord. Amen.

   [Then he turns to the faithful, invoking upon them the blessing of God and making over them the Sign of the Cross.]

He kisses the altar, and raising his eyes, extending, raising
and joining his hands, he bows down his head and says:

S. Benedicat vos omnipotens Deus, Pater, et Filius, et Spiritus Sanctus. P. May almighty God the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, bless you.
M. Amen. S. Amen.
[In Masses for the Dead, the Blessing is omitted.]
 

THE LAST GOSPEL
   [The beginning of the Gospel of Saint John, which retraces the Incarnation of the Son of God, is read from the card at the altar. If the book is used, a different gospel is read.
   At the end, the server answers "Deo gratias." It is eminently proper that the last word of the Mass should be one of thanksgiving.]

Then turning to the Gospel side of the altar, the priest says:

S. Dominus vobiscum. P. The Lord be with you.
M. Et cum spiritu tuo. S. And with thy spirit.
He then traces the Sign of the Cross, first upon
the altar, and then upon his forehead, lips, and breast, and says:
S. Initium sancti Evangelii secundum Ioannem. P. The beginning of the holy Gospel according to John.
M. Gloria tibi, Domine. S. Glory be to Thee, O Lord.
   In principio erat Verbum, et Verbum erat apud Deum, et Deus erat Verbum. Hoc erat in principio apud Deum. Omnia per ipsum facta sunt: et sine ipso factum est nihil quod factum est: in ipso vita erat, et vita erat lux hominem: et lux in tenebris lucet, et tenebrae eam non comprehenderunt.    In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by Him, and without Him was made nothing that was made: in Him was life, and the life was the Light of men; and the Light shineth in darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.
   Fuit homo missus a Deo, cui nomen erat Ioannes. Hic venit in testimonium, ut testimonium perhiberet de lumine, ut omnes crederent per illum. Non erat ille lux, sed ut testimonium perhiberet de lumine. Erat lux vera quae illuminat omnem hominem venientem in hunc mundum.    There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. This man came for a witness, to testify concerning the Light, taht all might believe through Him. He was not the Light, be he was to testify concerning the Light. That was the true Light, which enlighteneth every man that cometh into this world.
   In mundo erat, et mundus per ipsum factus est et mundus eum non cognovit. In propria venit, et sui eum non receperunt. Quotquot autem receperunt eum, dedit eis potestatem filios Dei fieri, his, qui credunt in nomine eius: qui non ex sanguinibus, neque ex voluntate carnis, neque ex voluntate viri, sed ex Deo nati sunt.    He was in the world, and the world was made by Him, and the world knew Him not. He came unto His own, and His own received Him not. But as many as received Him to them He gave power to become sons of God, to them that believe in His Name, who are born not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
Here all kneel.
   Et Verbum caro factum est, et habitavit in nobis: et vidimus gloriam eius, gloriam quasi Unigeniti a Patre, plenum gratiae et veritatis.    And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us: and we saw His glory, the glory as of the Only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.
M. Deo gratias. S. Thanks be to God.
 

PRAYERS ORDERED BY THE POPE6
To be said kneeling after the celebration of Low Mass.

The priest, with the people, recites the Hail Mary
thrice; then:

   Salve Regina, Mater misericordiae, vita, dulcedo, et spes nostra, salve.    Hail, holy Queen, Mother of mercy, our life, our sweetness, and our hope.
R. Ad te clamamus, exsules filii Evae. R. To thee do we cry, poor banished children of Eve.
V. Ad te suspiramus gementes flentes in hac lacrymarum valle. V. To thee do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this valley of tears.
R. Eia ergo, Advocata nostra, illos tuos misericordes oculos ad nos converte. R. Turn then, most gracious Advocate, thine eyes of mercy towards us.
V. Et Iesum, benedictum fructum ventris tui, nobis, post hoc exilium, ostende. V. And after this our exile, show unto us the blessed Fruit of thy womb, Jesus.
R. O clemens, o pia, o dulcis Virgo Maria. R. O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary.
V. Ora pro nobis, sancta Dei Genetrix. V. Pray for us, O holy Mother of God.
R. Ut digni efficiamur promissionibus Christi. R. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.
   Oremus.7 -- Deus, refugium nostrum et virtus, populum ad te clamantem propitius respice; et intercedente gloriosa et immaculata Virgine Dei Genetrice Maria, cum beato Ioseph, eius Sponso, ac beatis Apostolis tuis Petro et Paulo, et omnibus Sanctis, quas pro conversione peccatorum, pro libertate et exaltatione sanctae Matris Ecclesia, preces effundimus, misericors et benignus exaudi. Per eumdem Christum Dominum nostrum. R.: Amen.    Let us pray.7 -- O God, our refuge and our strength, look down in mercy on Thy people who cry to Thee; and by the intercession of the glorious and immaculate Virgin Mary, Mother of God, of St. Joseph her Spouse, of Thy blessed Apostles Peter and Paul, and of all the Saints, in mercy and goodness hear our prayers for the conversion of sinners, and for the liberty and exaltation of our holy Mother and Church. Through the same Christ our Lord. R.: Amen.
 
   Sancte Michael Archangele, defende nos in proelio, contra nequitiam et insidias diaboli esto praesidium. Imperet illi Deus, supplices deprecamur: tuque, Princeps militiae coelestis, Satanam aliosque spiritus malignos, qui ad perditionem animarum pervagantur in mundo, divina virtute, in infernum detrude. R. Amen.8    Holy Michael Archangel, defend us in the day of battle; be our safeguard against the wickedness and snares of the devil. -- May God rebuke him, we humbly pray: and do thou, Prince of the heavenly host, by the power of God thrust down to hell Satan and all wicked spirits, who wander through the world for the ruin of souls. R. Amen.8
 
The following invocation, thrice repeated, has been added by order of Pope Pius X.:
V. Cor Iesu sacratissimum, V. Most Sacred Heart of Jesus,
R. Miserere nobis.9 R. Have mercy upon us.9

 


1 Indulgence of 300 days. -- P.P.O. n. 2

2 Those who recite this invocation during Mass or after the Consecration, can gain: Indulgence of 500 days. -- Plenary, under the usual conditions, when they do this every day during a month. -- P.P.O. n. 113

3 The faithful, who at Holy Mass, at the moment of raising of theHoly Host, or the exposition of the same, shall devoutly utter the aboveinvocation, can gain: Indulgence of 7 years. -- Plenary, once a week, if theydaily perform this devotion under the usual circumstances, with a prayer for the intention of His Holiness. -- P.P.O. n. 107.

4 Indulgence of 5 years. -- Plenary, under the usual conditions, if this prayer is daily recited during a month. -- P.P.O. n. 183.

5 Indulgence of 500 days, when this invocation is repeated 3 times. -- Plenary, under the usual conditions, if this invocation is recited three times each day during a month. -- P.P.O. n. 129.

6The faithful who shall recite these prayers kneeling with the priest can gain an indulgence of 10 years. -- P.P.O. n. 628.

7 Indulgence of 5 years. -- Plenary, under the usual conditions, if this prayer is recited daily during a month. -- P.P.O. n. 301.

8 The faithful who shall recite the prayer to St. Michael can gain: Indulgence of 3 years, once a day. -- Plenary, under the usual conditions, if this prayer is recited daily during a month. -- P.P.O. n. 411.

9 Indulgence for the recital of these invocations: 500 days. -- Plenary, under the usual conditions, if these invocations are recited daily during a month. -- P.P.O. n. 211.