St. Damasus became Pope in 366, after the persecutions were over. He condemned Arianism, commanded St. Jerome to translate the Holy Scriptures into Latin, and composed incriptions for the sepulchres of the Roman Martyrs.
|INTROIT ¤ John 21. 15-17|
|Si diligis me, Simon Petre, pasce agnos meos, pasce oves meas. -- Exaltabo te, Domine, quoniam suscepisti me, nec delectasti inimicos meos super me. V.: Gloria Patri et Filii et Spiritu Sancti. Sicut erat in principio, et nunc, et semper, et in saecula saeculorum. Amen. Si diligis me, Simon Petre, pasce agnos meos, pasce oves meas.||Simon Peter, if thou lovest Me, feed My lambs, feed My sheep. -- (Ps. 29.1). I will extol Thee, O Lord, for Thou hast upheld me: and hast not made my enemies to rejoice over me. V.: Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen. Simon Peter, if thou lovest Me, feed My lambs, feed My sheep.|
|Gregem tuum, Pastor aeterne, placatus intende: et per beatum Damasum Summum Pontificem, perpetua protectione custodi; quem totius Ecclesiae praestitisti esse pastorem. Per Dominum nostrum Iesum Christum, Filium tuu, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus Sancti Deus, per omnia saecula saeculorum.||Eternal Shepherd, regard graciously Thy flock, and keep it with an everlasting protection, by the intecession of blessed Damasus thy Sovereign Pontiff, whom Thou hast constitued Shepherd of the whole Church. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who with Thee liveth and reigneth in the unity of the Holy Ghost, God, world without end.|
|The Advent feria is here commemorated by repeating the Collect from the Mass of the preceding Sunday.|
|EPISTLE ¤ 1 Peter 5. 1-4, 10-11
Lesson from the Epistle of Blessed Peter the Apostle.
Lectio Epistolae beati Petri Apostoli.
[Christ is the model for the Popes. The Pope directs the Church with love and according to the will of God.]
|Carissimi: seniores, qui in vobis sunt, obsecro consenior et testis Christi passionum, qui et eius, quae in futuro revelanda est, gloriae communicator: pascite qui in vobis est gregem Dei, providentes non coacte, sed spontanee secundum Deum, neque turpis lucri gratia, sed voluntarie; neque ut dominantes in cleris, sed forma facti gregis ex animo. Et, cum apparuerit princeps pastorum, percipietis immarcescibilem gloriae coronam. Deus autem omnis gratiae, qui vocavit Christo Iesu, modicum passos ipse perficiet, confirmabit solidabitque. Ipsi gloria et imperium in saecula saeculorum. Amen.||Dearly beloved, The ancients therefore that are among you, I beseech, who am myself also an ancient, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ: as also a partaker of that glory which is to be revealed in time to come: feed the flock of God which is among you, taking care of it, not by constraint, but willingly, according to God: not for filthy lucre's sake, but voluntarily: neither as lording it over the clergy, but being made a pattern of the flock from the heart. And when the prince of pastors shall appear, you shall receive a never fading crown of glory. But the God of all grace, who hath called us into his eternal glory in Christ Jesus, after you have suffered a little, will himself perfect you, and confirm you, and establish you. To him be glory and empire for ever and ever. Amen.|
|GRADUAL ¤ Ps. 106. 32, 31.|
| Exaltent eum in ecclesia plebis: et in cathedra seniorum laudent eum. V.: Confiteantur Domino misericordiae eius, et mirabilia eius filiis hominum.
Alleluia, alleluia. V.: Tu es Petrus, et super hanc petram aedificabo Ecclesiam meam. Alleluia.
| Let them exalt him in the church of the people: and praise him in the chair of the ancients. V.: Let the mercies of the Lord give glory to Him: and His wonderful works to the children of men.
Alleluia, alleluia. V.: (Matth. 16. 18) Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build My Church. Alleluia.
|GOSPEL ¤ Matthew 16. 13-19
Continuation of the holy Gospel according to St. Matthew.
Sequentia sancti Evangelii secundum Matthaeum.
[Peter's confession of the Godhead of Christ. He is declared by our Lord to be the Rock on which the Church rests securely.]
|In illo tempore: Venit Iesus in partes Caesareae Philippi: et interrogabat discipulos suos, dicens: Quem dicunt homines esse Filium hominis? At illi dixerunt: Alii Ioannem Baptistam, alii autem Eliam, alii vero Ieremiam, aut unum ex prophetis. Dicit illis Iesus: Vos autem, quem me esse dicitis? Respondens Simon Petrus dixit: Tu es Christus, Filius Dei vivi. Respondens autem Iesus, dixit ei: Beatus es Simon Bar Iona: quia caro et sanguis non revelavit tibi, sed Pater meus, qui in caelis est. Et ego dico tibi, quia tu es Petrus, et super hanc petram aedificabo Ecclesiam meam, et portae inferi non praevalebunt adversus eam. Et tibi dabo claves regni caelorum. Et quodcumque ligaveris super terram, erit ligatum et in caelis: et quodcumque solveris super terram, erit solutum et in caelis.||And Jesus came into the quarters of Cesarea Philippi: and he asked his disciples, saying: Whom do men say that the Son of man is? But they said: Some John the Baptist, and other some Elias, and others Jeremias, or one of the prophets. Jesus saith to them: But whom do you say that I am? Simon Peter answered and said: Thou art Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus answering, said to him: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona: because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven. And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose upon earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven|
|OFFERTORY ¤ Jeremias 1. 9-10.|
|Ecce dedi verba mea in ore tuo: ecce constitui te super gentes et super regna: ut evellas et destruas, et aedifices et plantes.||Behold I have given My words in thy mouth: lo, I have set thee over the nations, and over kingdoms, to root up, and to pull down, and to build, and to plant.|
|Oblatis muneribus, quaesumus Domine, Ecclesiam tuam benignus illumina: ut, et gregis tui proficiat ubique successus, et grati fiant nomini tuo, te gubernante, pastores. Per Dominum nostrum, Iesum Christum, Filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus Sancti, Deus, per omnia saecula saeculorum||By the offered gifts we beg Thee, O Lord: enlighten kindly Thy Church: so that Thy flock everywhere may be increasing, and the Shepherds, under Thy direction, may be pleasing to Thy Name. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the unity of the Holy Ghost, God, world without end.|
|The Advent feria is here commemorated by repeating the Secret from the Mass of the preceding Sunday.|
Preface of the Apostles
|Vere dignum et iustum est, aequum et salutare, Te Domine suppliciter exorare, ut gregem tuum pator aeterne, non deseras: sed per beatos Apostolos tuos continua protectione custodias. Ut iisdem rectoribus gubernetur, quos operis tui vicarios eidem contulisti praeesse pastores. Et ideo cum Angelis et Archangelis, cum Thronis et Dominationibus, cumque omni militia caelestis exercitus, hymnum gloriae tuae canimus, sine fine dicentes:||It is truly meet and just, right and for our salvation, to entreat Thee humbly, O Lord, that Thou wouldst not desert Thy flock, O everlasting Shepherd, but, through Thy blessed Apostles, wouldst keep it under Thy constant protection; that it may be governed by those same rulers, whom as vicars of Thy work, Thou didst set over it to be its pastors. And therefore with Angels and Archangels, with Thrones and Dominations, and with all the hosts of the heavenly army, we sing the hymn of Thy glory, evermore saying:|
|COMMUNION ¤ Matthew 16. 18.|
|Tu es Petrus, et super hanc petram aedificabo Ecclesiam meam.||Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build My Church.|
|Refectione sancta enutritam guberna, quaesumus Domine, tuam placatus Ecclesiam: ut potenti moderatione directa, et incrementa libertatis accipiat et in religionis integritate persistat. Per Dominum nostrum, Iesum Christum, Filium tuum, qui tecum vivit et regnat in unitate Spiritus Sancti, Deus, per omnia saecula saeculorum.||O Lord, we beseech Thee, graciously govern Thy Church, which Thou hast fed with a holy meal; so that, directed by a mighty wisdom, she may progress in liberty, and persist in the integrity of faith. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who with Thee liveth and reigneth in the unity of the Holy Ghost, God, world without end.|
|The Advent feria is here commemorated by repeating the Postcommunion from the Mass of the preceding Sunday.|